Education programmes for adults

For those over the age of 16.

Having a diploma from compulsory school and upper-secondary school is often a prerequisite for being able to get a job. If you do not have a diploma from compulsory school or upper-secondary school, you can earn one as an adult. An upper-secondary diploma is also a prerequisite to continue studying at a vocational college or for university studies.

Vuxenutbildning om svenska skolan

At schools and in the municipality, there are study and career advisers who can provide more information both about educational programmes and the Swedish labour market.

If you are new to Sweden

There are many educational programmes for adults to choose from, both programmes that lead to a profession and programmes that prepare for further studies at a vocational college or university. In order to find out what level your earlier education is at, the study and career advisers in your municipality or at your school can help assess your knowledge and experience.

At schools and in the municipality, there is access to study and career advisers who can provide more information both about educational programmes and the Swedish labour market.

Municipal adult education (Komvux)

Illustrerar komvux

Municipal adult education (Komvux) is for adults who lack an education from compulsory or upper-secondary school. At Komvux, you can also supplement your prior education or choose to begin a new educational specialisation. You can also learn Swedish at Komvux; read more under SFI, Swedish for immigrants further down in the text.

When you begin studying at Komvux, you have a right to an individual study plan. All educational programmes that the municipality is responsible for are free of charge.

At Komvux, you can:

  • take SFI and courses that are equivalent to compulsory school and upper-secondary school,
  • earn a diploma that is equivalent to upper-secondary school,
  • supplement earlier education to obtain qualification for university or vocational college,
  • get vocational training,
  • take a test of your knowledge in a subject,
  • have previous knowledge validated.

Who can study at Komvux?

As of 1 July of the year that you turn 20, you can begin studying at Komvux. To be able to study at Komvux, you must also be resident in Sweden, lack the knowledge that the education provides and have conditions to be able to complete the education. Sometimes, one can also begin even if one is younger than 20.

How the educational programme is structured

There may be a possibility to study full time or part time. You can study at the school, through distance education or a combination of these. There may also be a possibility to take certain courses, or parts of courses, at a workplace.

Studies at different levels may be combined. For example, you can combine education in Swedish for immigrants (SFI) with other studies in Komvux.

Contact a study and career adviser at the adult education programme you want to attend or in your home municipality for more information on what courses are offered at Komvux in your municipality.

Assessment and learning

During the programme, you will continuously receive information on what you have learned in relation to the teaching objectives.

It is important that you obtain an understanding of your own learning and need for development.

Grades

Komvux uses the grading scale A-F, the same as in compulsory school and upper-secondary school, for example. A is the highest grade and E is the lowest passing grade. The grade F is not passing. Your teacher sets grades on each course that you have completed.

Assessment – how it is done

Assessment means that you have your knowledge assessed based on the knowledge requirements for you to be able to receive a grade in the subject or the course. You have a right to do assessments in all subjects and courses in which grades are set. The assessment may only be done in a municipality that arranges the course in question. In order to be able to do an assessment, you must be resident in Sweden.

The purpose of the assessment is for the student to demonstrate his or her knowledge in all parts of the subject’s or course’s knowledge requirements. How this is done in detail is decided by the school. It is also the school that decides how and when an assessment will be carried out. A student cannot demand to have an assessment during a specific time.

Assessment can be done in compulsory school, upper-secondary school and adult education. In an assessment, all grade levels shall be possible to achieve. If you already have a passing grade in the course, but want to do an assessment aiming for a higher grade, the school may charge a fee for the assessment. The fee may be a maximum of SEK 500.

Validation – have our prior knowledge assessed

Validation means mapping and assessing the knowledge that a person has. There may be a possibility for you to have your prior knowledge and experience validated. The objective of the validation may be that you want:

  • to begin studying and prior to beginning, adapt the content and level of your studies so that you do not need to study what you already know,
  • to shorten the time in an on-going educational programme, or
  • to document your knowledge to be able to present it in a job interview for example.

If you want to have a validation, contact your municipality.

SFI, Swedish for immigrants

Illustrerar sfi

Education in Swedish for immigrants (SFI) is designed for those who need basic knowledge in Swedish. The objective is to learn Swedish to be able to communicate orally and in writing in everyday life, in civic life, in working life and if you choose to study. Anyone who cannot read or write in their mother tongue can have the opportunity to learn it.

Who can take SFI?

You must be at least 16 years of age to take SFI. There is no upper age limit for beginning to take it. You must be resident in Sweden and lack the basic knowledge in the Swedish language that the course provides.

How the educational programme is structured

The programme is planned, structured and adapted to your circumstances, needs and goals. Since SFI is directed at people with different experiences, life situations, knowledge and study objectives, different people take the courses at different speeds. Courses can therefore be started and finished at different times for different people.

As a student, you have at least 15 hours of instruction a week. The instruction is provided in Swedish, but learning to read and write may be done in your mother tongue or another language that you master. You can combine SFI with, for example, work, placement, validation, other education in municipal adult education (Komvux) or special-needs education for adults (Särvux).

Every student shall have an individual study plan. The school formulates the individual study plan together with you. It presents educational goals and the scope of your studies, among other factors.

The individual study plan can be changed if you want to take more courses or change your educational goal during the time that you are studying.

Study tracks and courses

SFI has three study tracks: 1, 2 and 3. Study track 1 is for anyone who cannot read and write in their mother tongue or has a short education while study track 3 is for anyone who is more accustomed to study. Each study track consists of several courses.

Within SFI, there are four courses (A, B, C and D) and three study tracks (1, 2 and 3). All study tracks are coherent and adapted to the target group.

  • Study track 1 is directed at students who have a short or no school background. Within study track 1, there are the courses A, B, C and D.
  • Study track 2 is directed at students whose school background is less extensive than the equivalent of Swedish upper-secondary school. Within study track 2, the students take the courses B, C and D.
  • Study track 3 is for the students whose school background is equivalent to Swedish upper-secondary school or who has participated in university studies. Within study track 3, there are the courses C and D.

Assessment and learning

During the programme, you will continuously receive information on what you have learned in relation to the teaching objectives.

It is important that you obtain an understanding of your own learning and need for development.

Grades

SFI uses the grading scale A-F, the same as in compulsory school, upper-secondary school and at Komvux. A is the highest grade and F is not passing. Grades shall be set on every completed course. Learning to read and write is not graded. You can also have your knowledge documented in a certificate.

Would you like to know more?

Contact adult education/SFI in your municipality. There are study and career advisers who help you with advice and more information. Contact information is on the municipality’s website.

SFI at folk high school

There is also a possibility to take SFI at some folk high schools. If you want to take SFI at a folk high school, check with your municipality what possibilities are available.

Would you like to know more?

Contact the study and career guidance at the folk high school to find out what applies for the educational programme you are interested in.

Special-needs adult education (Särvux)

Illustrerar särvux inom vuxenutbildningen

At Särvux, you can take courses in various subjects and validate knowledge you already have. You receive an individual study plan that includes your goal with the educational programme and what courses are included.

At special-needs adult education, you can:

  • study at a basic or upper-secondary level,
  • choose between different courses,
  • study Swedish for immigrants in parallel,
  • attend a vocationally oriented educational programme.
  • earn a diploma that is equivalent to special-needs upper-secondary school,
  • have previous knowledge validated.

Who can study at Särvux?

Special-needs adult education is for those who have a developmental impairment/intellectual disability or a non-congenital brain injury and who lack education from special-needs compulsory or upper-secondary school or compulsory or upper-secondary school. Särvux is also for adults who want to supplement an earlier education, change professions or learn Swedish.

As of 1 July of the year that you turn 20, you can begin studying at Särvux. To be able to study at Särvux, you must also be resident in Sweden, lack the knowledge that the education provides and have conditions to be able to complete the education. Sometimes, one can also begin even if one is younger than 20.

How the educational programme is structured

There may be a possibility to study full time or part time. There is also a possibility to take certain courses, or parts of courses, at a workplace.

Studies at different levels may be combined. For example, you can combine education in Swedish for immigrants (SFI) with other studies in Särvux.

Contact a study and career adviser at the adult education programme you want to attend or in your home municipality for more information on what courses are offered at Särvux in your municipality.

Assessment and learning

During the programme, you will continuously receive information on what you have learned in relation to the teaching objectives.

It is important that you obtain an understanding of your own learning and need for development.

Grades

Students who are done with courses receive grades. The grading scale is A-E, where A is the highest grade and E is the lowest grade.

Would you like to know more?

Contact your municipality. You can find the contact information on your municipality’s website.

Folk high school

Illustrerar introduktionsprogram

Folk high school is open for anyone over the age of 18.

Folk high school’s general courses

The general courses are directed at those who lack a compulsory and upper-secondary education and therefore have difficulty studying further or establishing themselves on the labour market. The contents and length of the courses are adapted to your prior knowledge and ambitions. After a completed course, you can continue studying at a vocational college or university.

Vocational educational programmes

Folk high school also has many different vocational programmes. Vocational training to become a journalist, recreation leader and sign language interpreter are just a few examples.

Courses for the recently arrived

Some courses are directed especially at adults who recently came to Sweden. An establishment course for new arrivals is available at several folk high schools.

Would you like to know more?

Contact the study and career guidance at the folk high school to find out what applies for the educational programme you are interested in.

University

Illustrerar folkhögskola

To study at university, you need to meet the general entry requirements. Some educational programmes also require specific entry requirements, which means that you have to have taken specific courses for certain educational programmes.

Qualifying through a foundation year programme

One way to acquire qualification is to attend a foundation year programme. It is a one-year programme at the upper-secondary level for those who want to obtain specific entry requirements for the programme at university level that you want to attend.

Qualifying through Komvux

You also have the right to acquire a qualifying education within municipal adult education, Komvux, at the upper-secondary level. This right concerns both general entry requirements and specific entry requirements.

Another way of qualifying

If you do not have a complete upper-secondary education, you can also apply to university. If you have an experience or expertise from earlier work or studies that can be deemed adequate, you can apply anyway, but you must then be able to show that you have that expertise. You may have obtained actual expertise from earlier courses or from experiences of working life, association life or extended stays abroad. Showing that you have the actual expertise is known as having one's expertise validated. Read more about where to send I your application regarding actual expertise and exceptions on the Swedish Council for Higher Education website antagning.se.

Swedish Council for Higher Education website antagning.seexternal link

Study and career guidance

There is study and career guidance at every university. You can contact them if you are interested in any educational programme that they have and they can also provide you general advise on university studies. On the Swedish Council for Higher Education website, there is information in various languages on university education and study and career guidance.

Website studera.nu, Swedish Council for Higher Educationexternal link

Educational programmes at universities begin in the spring and autumn. Full-time studies comprise around 40 hours a week. One can choose to study part time, such as at half-speed or quarter-speed in many courses. One then studies fewer hours per week and earns fewer credits. Many educational programmes and courses can be taken remotely. There are also lectures evenings and weekends. This makes it easier for you if you want to combine studies with work.

Higher vocational education

Illustrerar yrkeshögskola

At a higher vocational education programme, one is educated for a profession after upper-secondary school or municipal adult education (Komvux). There are many professions to choose from. The programmes are most often between one and three years long and combine theory in school with placement out at workplaces. It is a requirement to have adequate knowledge of Swedish to be able to complete the programme and it is the school that determines if it is adequate. Some schools provide extra support in Swedish with a professional orientation.

You can apply for higher vocational education if you:

  • have a Swedish upper-secondary diploma from upper-secondary school or Komvux,
  • have a foreign education that is equivalent to an upper-secondary diploma,
  • have prerequisites to complete the programme through Swedish or foreign education, practical experience or in some other way.

When one does not meet the formal requirements

If you do not meet the formal entry requirements, there may nonetheless be a possibility to be admitted to a programme. The schools sometimes make exceptions if they believe that the student can handle the programme and work within the profession the programme leads to. Contact the school and ask what applies there.

How to apply

Each school itself handles admissions to its programmes. Therefore contact the school directly to find out what rules apply there in particular.

The vocational college’s programmes at website yrkeshogskolan.seexternal link

Senast uppdaterad 27 mars 2020